The OGPU and NKVD, both of which are acronyms that originated in the Soviet Union, hold significant historical importance. The OGPU, or the Unified State Political Directorate, was established in 1922 as the successor to the Cheka, the notorious secret police force. Meanwhile, the NKVD, or the People’s Commissariat for Internal Affairs, replaced the OGPU in 1934, assuming control over a vast range of security and law enforcement functions. Both organizations played pivotal roles in the Soviet Union’s history, with the NKVD being particularly infamous for its involvement in political purges and repressive measures.
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Ogpu And Nkvd Full Form in English
The OGPU, also known as the Unified State Political Administration, and the NKVD, known as the People’s Commissariat for Internal Affairs, were two prominent Soviet security agencies during the early 20th century. The OGPU was established in 1922 as the secret police force responsible for suppressing counter-revolutionary activities and maintaining political stability within the newly-formed Soviet Union. It played a significant role in enforcing communist ideology and ensuring strict obedience to the government. In 1934, the OGPU was reorganized into the NKVD, which expanded its jurisdiction to include both domestic and foreign security matters. Under the leadership of Genrikh Yagoda, and later Nikolai Yezhov, the NKVD was notorious for its role in the purges and mass repression campaigns that occurred during Stalin’s rule. These agencies, with their extensive powers and reach, played a crucial role in consolidating the Soviet state and maintaining control over the population.
Ogpu And Nkvd Full Form in Hindi
ओजेपीयू (OGPU) और एनकेवीडी (NKVD) दो अहम सार्वजनिक सुरक्षा एजेंसियां थीं, जिन्होंने 20वीं सदी के दशकों में संयुक्त सोवियत साम्राज्य के अंदरवन्दर कार्य किए। ओजेपीयू यूनिटेड कमिटी ऑफ पब्लिक एजेंसीज के रूप में जानी जाती थी, जो सोवियत संघ के नजदीकी एजेंसियों में से एक थी। एनकेवीडी की पूरी रूप से रूसी में नाम, “नारोडनि कोमीसारियात व фка/народный комиссариат внутренних дел” था, जिसका अनुवाद हुआ “केंद्रीय व्यवस्थापन महाप्रेषण”। दोनों संगठनों ने गुप्तिविद्या, जासूसी, गिरफ्तारी और इंकारी कार्रवाई आदि पर जबरनियती कराने में महत्वपूर्ण योगदान दिया।
In conclusion, OGPU stands for “Unified State Political Administration” and NKVD stands for “People’s Commissariat for Internal Affairs”. These two organizations played significant roles in Soviet history, primarily focusing on political repression and intelligence activities.